Cannabis and the immune system

Weakening of the immune response By “immune response” we mean the defensive capacity of lymphocytes (white blood cells) against infectious diseases, foreign protein substances and probably also against certain forms of cancer. The hypothesis that the use of cannabis damages the immune response is launched, with much journalistic clamor, by G. Nahas with the article …

Read more

Cannabis: intoxication levels

The effects of cannabis vary greatly depending on the levels of intoxication. In his research, Tart developed a statistical picture of the relationship between levels of intoxication and effects; we summarize here the results. At low levels of intoxication, the typical effects are the modification of sound perceptions and the tendency towards non-noise. At medium …

Read more

Cannabis and the concept of “Drugs”

Is cannabis a drug? To properly frame the issue, a hint to the definition of the concept of “drugs” is essential. From a pharmacological point of view, it is a drug “Any chemical, natural or artificial, that modifies the psychology or mental activity of human beings” (J. Delay). This definition includes, in addition to drugs …

Read more

Cannabis, history, the plant and more

The exact place of origin of cannabis has not been clarified so far, it is generally believed to correspond to Central Asia. While the use of the plant for the manufacture of fabrics is witnessed by finds from the Neolithic era in China (5200-6200 years ago), the medicinal use is documented in a famous writing …

Read more

The new European cannabis phase

1798: Napoleon Bonaparte lands in Alexandria with thirty thousand French soldiers and two thousand cannons. He defeats the Mamelukes’ army near the Pyramids, and conquers Cairo, all through one of those flash wars of which the French general was a specialist. Two years earlier, with a similar military operation, it had conquered the Lombardy region …

Read more

Historical background

Hum, homa, soum, sama, giyah-e javidan (‘the herb of the immortal’), giyahe moqaddas (‘sacred herb’), khadar (‘green’), kimiyah (‘alchemy’), qanaf (‘hemp’), zomord-e giyah-e (emerald herb) are among the many expressions given to cannabis in the Iranian plateau. More popular names are hashish, the Arabic word for “grass”, bang, an Avestan term indicating whole cannabis residue, …

Read more

Cannabis status in Contemporary Iran

The question of cannabis through the legal interpretation of religious authorities in the Islamic Republic of Iran. Introduction: Middle Eastern states and the Islamic world are known for adopting strict codes of prohibitions. These apply to sexual norms, such as premarital sex, social practices such as gambling and consumption behaviour as in the case of …

Read more

Cannabis in Iran

Cannabis in Iran: Situated between Afghanistan’s extensive poppy fields and eager Western markets, Iran has an extensive history of domestic opium, alcohol, tobacco and cannabis use dating back centuries. In recent decades, heroin has become more popular. Most recently, the use of methamphetamine has increased and is reportedly in demand across the social spectrum, from …

Read more

Strain Hunting in Lebanon 2019

The trip to Lebanon was fantastic. Lebanon is a great country and up to few years ago it was called the Switzerland of the Middle East where lots of rich people would have their bank accounts… The food is of high standards, great quality, a perfect mix of Mediterranean and Middle Eastern cuisine. It is …

Read more

Cannabis in the Greek world

The Greek World In ancient Greece, hemp was probably already used in Dionysian rites and, as J.L. Brau says, everything suggests that it was also used in the Eleusinian liturgies to reveal to the initiates the arcana of the myth of Demeter. The priests, who bore the name Eumolpidae (= singers of beneficial melodies), were …

Read more